Capitalism /

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Bibliographic Details
Author / Creator:Bowles, Paul.
Imprint:Harlow : Pearson, 2012.
Description:xxiv, 160 pages, [8] pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Series:Seminar studies in history
Seminar studies in history.
Capitalism -- History.
Format: Print Book
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Notes:Originally published: Harlow: Pearson Longman, 2006.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Table of Contents:
  • Acknowledgements
  • Chronology
  • Who's who
  • Glossary
  • Part 1. Analysis and Assessment
  • 1. How to Think About Capitalism
  • Introduction
  • Outline of the book
  • The capitalist system: a simple definition and some not-so-simple issues arising from it
  • Identifying changes in the capitalist system over time
  • 2. Capitalism as a System: 'Natural' and 'Free'
  • Introduction
  • Adam Smith: markets are natural for humans...but not for dogs
  • Milton Friedman on markets, freedom and Alka Seltzer
  • More from Adam Smith: markets feed us because of self-interest
  • Is private property 'natural' as well?
  • The State as impartial rule enforcer
  • Some states are better rule enforcers than others - and so sometimes capitalism fails
  • Capitalism is also the most economically productive system
  • Capitalism - the most economically productive system and therefore the 'end of history'
  • Does capitalism lead to democracy?
  • Capitalism as equal and just
  • Capitalism as a friend of the environment
  • 3. Capitalism as a System: 'Unjust and 'Unstable'
  • Introduction
  • Unjust and unstable: Keynes and reformist critics
  • Unjust and unstable: Marx and radical critics
  • The importance of labour - or why workers are alienated but apes aren't
  • Capitalism's contradiction: poverty amidst plenty
  • Capitalism and crises
  • Capitalism as anti-Nature
  • Capitalism and gender inequality
  • The capitalist state: to be captured or replaced?
  • The capitalist state and education: enforcing the rules of American football or those of the treadmill?
  • 4. Empire and Crises 1870-1945
  • Capitalism unfolds
  • The curse of capitalism: late nineteenth-century crises
  • Overseas expansion as the response to crises
  • The curse of capitalism: The Great Depression of the 1930s
  • The human cost: riding the rails, searching for work and the crime of vagrancy
  • National responses to the Depression: Swedish social democracy, the 'New Deal' in the US and the spread of fascism in Europe
  • 5. Post-1945 Capitalism: Variations Across Countries
  • National capitalisms
  • How capitalisms differ: state-capital-labour relations
  • The Anglo-American model: decentralized wage bargaining and stock markets
  • The northern European or corporatist model: consensus decision-making and a large welfare state
  • Japanese (or East Asian) developmental capitalism: guiding the market and controlling labour
  • National varieties of capitalism as rivals
  • Varieties of capitalism: a matter of choice or history?
  • Varieties of capitalism: Asia, China, Russia and Latin America
  • 6. Post-1945 Capitalism: Variations Over Time
  • Introduction
  • 1945-70: the 'golden age'... hot economies, warm capital-labour relations, and the Cold War
  • The 'golden age' in the South: postcolonial capitalist states seek modernity and industrialization
  • The 1970s: oil shocks the system...and Keynesian policy responses
  • A new international division of labour: the lure of cheap labour in the South
  • The 1980s and 1990s: the rise of strikes back
  • Neoliberalism in the South: open those doors, be 'market friendly'!
  • Global turbulence: financial crises in the 1990s
  • 'Crony capitalism' blamed for the Asian crises
  • Lessons not learned: The Global Financial Crisis of 2008
  • 7. Global Capitalism
  • All the world's a stage...
  • Are nation states still important actors?
  • I. The 'globalization weakness the nation state' view
  • II. The 'globaloney' or 'states are still powerful' view
  • III. The 'some states are still powerful' or 'new imperialism' view
  • IV. The 'regionalism is more important' view
  • As the curtain falls: what drama is unfolding on the capitalist world stage?
  • Part 2. Documents
  • 1. Adam Smith and the invisible hand
  • 2. Friedman on economic freedom and political freedom
  • 3. Marx and Engels on capitalism and class conflict
  • 4. Capitalism and class conflict in China today
  • 5. Keynes on Casino capitalism
  • 6. The formation of the Bretton Woods institutions
  • 7. The Washington Concensus
  • 8. Wolf's cry for more globalization not less
  • 9. World Social Forum Charter of Principles
  • Guide to Further Reading
  • References
  • Index