Evolution in a toxic world : how life responds to chemical threats /

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Bibliographic Details
Author / Creator:Monosson, Emily.
Imprint:Washington, D.C. : Island Press, c2012.
Description:1 online resource (xii, 223 p.) : ill.
Subject:Environmental toxicology.
Chemicals -- Physiological effect.
Adaptation (Physiology)
Evolution (Biology)
HEALTH & FITNESS / Healthy Living
HEALTH & FITNESS / Reference
MEDICAL / Preventive Medicine
Adaptation (Physiology)
Chemicals -- Physiological effect.
Environmental toxicology.
Evolution (Biology)
Electronic books.
Format: E-Resource Book
URL for this record:http://pi.lib.uchicago.edu/1001/cat/bib/8900688
Hidden Bibliographic Details
ISBN:9781610912211 (electronic bk.)
1610912217 (electronic bk.)
Notes:Includes bibliographical references (p. 173-216) and index.
Description based on print version record.
Other form:Print version: Monosson, Emily. Evolution in a toxic world. Washington : Island Press, c2012 9781597269766
Review by Choice Review

Most books on evolution focus on natural selection under customary environmental challenges found in nature. The impacts of natural changes to competitor populations, food availability, habitat dynamics, and predator populations were the major customary factors studied previously. Recent concerns about human-caused environmental change compelled many studies on unnatural selection stressors such as climate change, habitat loss, invasive species, and pollution. The biggest concern related to these stressors is that populations are not capable of adapting to these changes. Here, environmental toxicologist Monosson (Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst) critically investigates the overlooked topic of evolutionary adaptations to chemical pollutants. She begins by explaining how early life evolved in a toxic environment containing metals, oxygen, ozone, toxic organic molecules, and ultraviolet light. Today, organisms possess many of these ancient adaptive mechanisms, and mutations modify the organisms to promote adaptations to new toxins. Monosson uses contemporary genetics and epigenetics to systematically evaluate the resiliency of life to natural and synthetic toxins. She cautions that adaptations to chemical threats are not limitless and warns of a possible toxic overload that would threaten biodiversity. The author's findings have applications to medicine as well as ecology. Summing Up: Recommended. All academic, general, and professional audiences. B. R. Shmaefsky Lone Star College - Kingwood

Copyright American Library Association, used with permission.
Review by Booklist Review

In this exceedingly detailed and thoroughly researched treatise, environmental toxicologist Monosson explores the impact of chemicals on evolutionary development. As she explains, from the ancient Roman use of lead flakes as a taste enhancer to the suspected hormone disruptor atrazine as the herbicide of choice in the U.S., toxins have long been part of human life. Monosson's focus is the effect of this chemical intrusion at the cellular level, the most basic building blocks of life. In far-ranging chapters that delve into cancer, the renegade cell released from life's rules of order, as well as daily life on our heavy metal planet with its toxic overload (and where we go from here), the transformation of the human experience under the weight of industrial-age chemicals is irrefutable and profound. Monosson's prose is necessarily complex as she gives her subject its scientific due, but for those who seek a thorough understanding of this timely issue, she offers a text solidly grounded in both history and contemporary analysis. Patient readers will be well rewarded.--Mondor, Colleen Copyright 2010 Booklist

From Booklist, Copyright (c) American Library Association. Used with permission.
Review by Choice Review

Review by Booklist Review