Entropy and information /

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Author / Creator:Volʹkenshteĭn, M. V. (Mikhail Vladimirovich), 1912-1992
Uniform title:Ėntropii͡a i informat͡sii͡a. English
Imprint:Basel ; Boston : Birkhäuser, c2009.
Description:x, 209 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Language:English
Series:Progress in mathematical physics ; v. 57
Subject:Entropy.
Entropy (Information theory)
Thermodynamics.
Statistical physics.
Entropy.
Entropy (Information theory)
Statistical physics.
Thermodynamics.
Format: Print Book
URL for this record:http://pi.lib.uchicago.edu/1001/cat/bib/7843545
Hidden Bibliographic Details
Other authors / contributors:Shenitzer, Abe.
Burns, Robert G.
ISBN:9783034600774
3034600771
Notes:Includes bibliographical references and index.
Table of Contents:
  • About the Author
  • Preface
  • 1. "Reflections on the motive power of fire . . ."
  • Sadi Carnot
  • Caloric
  • The irreversibility of heat processes
  • What did Carnot do?
  • The Carnot cycle
  • Thermodynamic temperature
  • 2. The laws of thermodynamics
  • Lomonosov and the conservation laws
  • The law of conservation of energy
  • The second law
  • The pressure of light
  • Entropy
  • The logarithm and exponential functions
  • Calculation of entropy
  • Measuring entropy experimentally
  • Irreversible processes
  • 3. Entropy and free energy
  • Obtaining useful work
  • Equilibrium conditions
  • A chemical reaction
  • Melting of crystals and evaporation of liquids
  • Why does alcohol dissolve in water yet gasoline not do so?
  • Hydrophobic forces and the albumin globule
  • What do rubber and an ideal gas have in common?
  • Why do we heat a room?
  • "The mistress of the world and her shadow"
  • Why was Emden right?
  • 4. Entropy and probability
  • Boltzmann's formula
  • Stirling's formula
  • The meaning of Boltzmann's formula
  • The fusion of a crystal and the evaporation of a liquid
  • Entropic forces
  • Entropy of equilibrium states
  • A little quantum mechanics
  • Gibbs' paradox
  • Nernst's theorem
  • 5. Statistics and mechanics
  • The distribution of velocities, and temperature
  • The barometric formula and the "gravitational perpetuum mobile"
  • Fluctuations
  • Why is the sky blue?
  • The age of Darwin
  • Laplace's demon and Sinai's billiard
  • The fate of the universe
  • 6. Open systems
  • The production and flow of entropy
  • The dissipation function
  • An astronaut lives on negative entropy
  • Why do cells divide?
  • Far from equilibrium
  • The Belousov-Zhabotinskii reaction
  • Organisms as dissipative systems
  • The three stages of thermodynamics
  • 7. Information
  • Information and probability
  • Informational entropy
  • Information and entropy
  • Maxwell's demon
  • Obtaining and creating information
  • The value of information
  • 8. Entropy, information, life
  • The thermodynamics of living organisms
  • Biological evolution, entropy, and information
  • The value of biological information
  • Complexity and irreplaceability
  • Complexity and Gödel's theorem
  • Information and artistic creation
  • Index