# Entropy and information /

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Author / Creator: | Volʹkenshteĭn, M. V. (Mikhail Vladimirovich), 1912-1992 |
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Uniform title: | Ėntropii͡a i informat͡sii͡a. English |

Imprint: | Basel ; Boston : Birkhäuser, c2009. |

Description: | x, 209 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. |

Language: | English |

Series: | Progress in mathematical physics ; v. 57 |

Subject: | Entropy. Entropy (Information theory) Thermodynamics. Statistical physics. Entropy. Entropy (Information theory) Statistical physics. Thermodynamics. |

Format: | Print Book |

URL for this record: | http://pi.lib.uchicago.edu/1001/cat/bib/7843545 |

**Table of Contents:**

- About the Author
- Preface
- 1. "Reflections on the motive power of fire . . ."
- Sadi Carnot
- Caloric
- The irreversibility of heat processes
- What did Carnot do?
- The Carnot cycle
- Thermodynamic temperature
- 2. The laws of thermodynamics
- Lomonosov and the conservation laws
- The law of conservation of energy
- The second law
- The pressure of light
- Entropy
- The logarithm and exponential functions
- Calculation of entropy
- Measuring entropy experimentally
- Irreversible processes
- 3. Entropy and free energy
- Obtaining useful work
- Equilibrium conditions
- A chemical reaction
- Melting of crystals and evaporation of liquids
- Why does alcohol dissolve in water yet gasoline not do so?
- Hydrophobic forces and the albumin globule
- What do rubber and an ideal gas have in common?
- Why do we heat a room?
- "The mistress of the world and her shadow"
- Why was Emden right?
- 4. Entropy and probability
- Boltzmann's formula
- Stirling's formula
- The meaning of Boltzmann's formula
- The fusion of a crystal and the evaporation of a liquid
- Entropic forces
- Entropy of equilibrium states
- A little quantum mechanics
- Gibbs' paradox
- Nernst's theorem
- 5. Statistics and mechanics
- The distribution of velocities, and temperature
- The barometric formula and the "gravitational perpetuum mobile"
- Fluctuations
- Why is the sky blue?
- The age of Darwin
- Laplace's demon and Sinai's billiard
- The fate of the universe
- 6. Open systems
- The production and flow of entropy
- The dissipation function
- An astronaut lives on negative entropy
- Why do cells divide?
- Far from equilibrium
- The Belousov-Zhabotinskii reaction
- Organisms as dissipative systems
- The three stages of thermodynamics
- 7. Information
- Information and probability
- Informational entropy
- Information and entropy
- Maxwell's demon
- Obtaining and creating information
- The value of information
- 8. Entropy, information, life
- The thermodynamics of living organisms
- Biological evolution, entropy, and information
- The value of biological information
- Complexity and irreplaceability
- Complexity and Gödel's theorem
- Information and artistic creation
- Index