Global environments through the Quaternary : exploring environmental change /

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Bibliographic Details
Author / Creator:Anderson, David (David E.)
Edition:[New ed.]
Imprint:Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, c2007.
Description:xiii, 359 p., [16] p. of col. plates : ill. (chiefly col.), maps (chiefly col.) ; 25 cm.
Language:English
Subject:
Format: Print Book
URL for this record:http://pi.lib.uchicago.edu/1001/cat/bib/6328261
Hidden Bibliographic Details
Other uniform titles:Goudie, Andrew.
Goudie, Andrew. Environmental change.
Parker, Adrian, 1969-
ISBN:9780198742265 (pbk. : alk. paper)
0198742266 (pbk. : alk. paper)
Notes:Previous ed. published as: Environmental change by Andrew Goudie, 1992.
Includes bibliographical references (p. [311]-345) and index.
Table of Contents:
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • 1. A Framework for Understanding Environmental Change
  • 1.1. Introduction
  • Subdividing geological time
  • 1.2. The evolution of ideas
  • The 'Ice Age' discovery
  • Lower latitudes
  • Glacial and interglacial sequences
  • The Holocene and the Late Glacial
  • Sea-level change
  • 1.3. Early climate history of the Earth
  • 1.4. The Cainozoic climatic decline
  • Environments of the Tertiary
  • Explaining Tertiary climates
  • 1.5. The Tertiary/Quaternary transition
  • 1.6. Reconstructing and interpreting past environments: key concepts
  • The law of superposition
  • Diagenesis, equifinality, provenance, and taphonomy
  • Uniformitarianism and neo-catastrophism
  • Environmental systems
  • Environmental modelling
  • Selected reading for Chapter 1
  • 2. Sources of Envidence for Reconstructing Past Environments
  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. Terrestrial evidence
  • Glacial evidence on land
  • Evidence of periglaciation
  • Palaeosols and wind-blown deposits
  • Lake, peat, and fluvial deposits
  • Cave deposits
  • Tree rings
  • Geomorphic evidence
  • 2.3. Evidence from oceans
  • Marine depositional environments
  • Physical characteristics
  • Biological data
  • Geochemical data
  • 2.4. Evidence from ice-sheets
  • Ice-sheet accumulation
  • Stable isotope evidence
  • Other ice core proxies
  • 2.5. Chronologies and correlation
  • Radiocarbon dating and other radioactive isotopes
  • Fission track, TL, OSL, ESR, and CN dating
  • Incremental methods
  • Age-equivalent markers
  • Relative methods
  • Summary
  • Selected reading for Chapter 2
  • 3. Pleistocene Climatic Change and Environments of Mid- to High Latitudes
  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. The Pleistocene record
  • Deep-sea sediments
  • Loess sequences
  • Ice cores
  • Relation between land-based subdivisions and MIS
  • 3.3. The changing extent of glaciers and ice-caps
  • North America
  • The British Isles
  • Europe and Asia
  • The southern continents
  • 3.4. Permafrost and its extent in the Pleistocene
  • 3.5. Loess formation and distribution
  • 3.6. The nature of glacial/interglacial cycles
  • The degree of climatic change in glacials
  • Rapid climatic change events (RCCEs)
  • The vegetational conditions of full glacials in Europe
  • The glacial vegetation of North America
  • The interstadials of the Last Glacial
  • The nature of interglacials
  • Variations in the British and European interglacials
  • Faunal and floral fluctuations
  • Selected reading for Chapter 3
  • 4. Pleistocene Environments of Lower Latitudes
  • 4.1. The antiquity of deserts
  • 4.2. Pleistocene intensification of aridity
  • 4.3. Dust in ocean cores
  • 4.4. Dust deposition as recorded in ice cores
  • 4.5. Ancient sandseas
  • 4.6. The fossil dunes of northern India
  • 4.7. The fossil dunes of Africa
  • 4.8. The fossil dunes of North and South America
  • 4.9. The fossil dunes of Australia
  • 4.10. Pluvial lakes
  • 4.11. The Nile
  • 4.12. Faunal and floral changes in the tropics
  • Selected reading for Chapter 4
  • 5. Environmental Change in Post-glacial Times
  • 5.1. A stable Holocene?
  • 5.2. The transition from Late Glacial times
  • The traditional Late Glacial subdivisions
  • Dating events of the Late Glacial
  • Late Glacial climates
  • Late Glacial environments
  • 5.3. The onset of the Holocene
  • Subdividing the Holocene
  • Early Holocene climate
  • Post-glacial spread of vegetation in Europe
  • 5.4. The 8200 cal yr BP event
  • 5.5. Mid- to late Holocene vegetation in Europe
  • 5.6. The North American Holocene sequence
  • 5.7. Russia, Asia, and Australia in the Holocene
  • 5.8. Humans and the Holocene sequence
  • 5.9. Post-glacial climatic optima and neoglaciations
  • Neoglacials
  • The Little Optimum, AD 750-1300
  • The Little Ice Age
  • 5.10. Post-glacial times in the Sahara and adjacent regions
  • 5.11. Concluding points
  • Selected reading for Chapter 5
  • 6. Environmental Change During the Period of Meteorological Records
  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Warming in the early twentieth century
  • 6.3. A cooling episode at mid-century
  • 6.4. The warming episode of the late twentieth century
  • 6.5. Precipitation changes during the period of instrumental record
  • The British Isles
  • Low latitudes and desert margins
  • 6.6. The various scales of climatic fluctuation
  • The Pacific Decadal Oscillation
  • The Arctic and Antarctic Oscillations
  • The North Atlantic Oscillation
  • The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation
  • 6.7. River discharge fluctuations
  • 6.8. Changing lake levels
  • 6.9. Changing dust-storm frequencies
  • 6.10. Glacier and sea-ice fluctuations in the twentieth century
  • 6.11. Conclusion
  • Selected reading for Chapter 6
  • 7. Sea-Level Changes of the Quaternary
  • 7.1. The importance of sea-level changes
  • 7.2. Eustatic factors
  • 7.3. Glacio-eustasy
  • 7.4. Orogenic eustasy
  • 7.5. Geoidal eustasy
  • 7.6. Isostasy
  • 7.7. Miscellaneous causes of local changes in sea-level
  • 7.8. The nature of pre-Holocene sea-levels
  • 7.9. The post-glacial rise in sea-level or Flandrian transgression
  • 7.10. Post-glacial sea-level changes in northern Europe: the combined effects of eustasy and isostasy
  • 7.11. Conclusions
  • Selected reading for Chapter 7
  • 8. Links between Environmental Change and Human Evolution and Society
  • 8.1. Earliest hominins
  • 8.2. Pleistocene environments and hominin speciation
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Europe
  • 8.3. Dispersal and modern human origins
  • South-east Asia and Australia
  • Colonization of the Americas
  • 8.4. Mesolithic advances
  • 8.5. Origins and spread of agriculture
  • The rise of civilization
  • 8.6. Climate impacts on human society
  • Post-glacial shifts in aridity
  • The Little Optimum and the Little Ice Age
  • 8.7. Pre-industrial human impacts on the environment
  • Selected reading for Chapter 8
  • 9. The Causes of Climatic Change
  • 9.1. Introduction
  • 9.2. Solar radiation hypotheses
  • Cycles of variation and effects on climate
  • Causes of solar irradiance change
  • Relationships with the Earth's magnetic field
  • 9.3. Atmospheric transparency hypotheses
  • Correlations between volcanism and climatic change
  • Effects of dust
  • Dust and atmospheric CO[subscript 2]
  • Dust and clouds
  • 9.4. Earth geometry theories - the Croll-Milankovitch hypothesis
  • 9.5. Hypotheses involving changes in terrestrial geography
  • 9.6. The role of the greenhouse gases
  • 9.7. Feedback hypotheses involving land, oceans, atmosphere, and ice
  • Albedo-based hypotheses
  • Causes of abrupt climate changes
  • Changes in North Atlantic Ocean circulation
  • 9.8. Conclusion
  • Selected reading for Chapter 9
  • Glossary
  • References
  • Index