Ice in the ocean /

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Bibliographic Details
Author / Creator:Wadhams, P.
Imprint:Australia : Gordon and Breach, c2000.
Description:xi, 351 p. : ill. (some col.), maps (some col.) ; 26 cm.
Language:English
Subject:Sea ice -- Polar regions.
Icebergs.
Climatic changes.
Climatic changes.
Icebergs.
Sea ice.
Polar regions.
Format: Print Book
URL for this record:http://pi.lib.uchicago.edu/1001/cat/bib/4431280
Hidden Bibliographic Details
ISBN:9056992961
Notes:Includes bibliographical references (p. 305-334) and index.
Table of Contents:
  • Preface
  • 1.. The Frozen Oceans
  • 1.1.. A world of white
  • 1.2.. The physical structure of the polar oceans
  • 1.2.1.. The topography
  • 1.2.2.. The water masses
  • 1.2.3.. The current systems
  • 1.2.4.. Water mass transformations
  • 1.3.. The distribution of ice in the ocean
  • 1.3.1.. The Arctic
  • 1.3.2.. The Antarctic
  • 1.3.3.. Icebergs
  • 1.4.. Mapping the frozen oceans
  • 1.5.. Sea ice and the history of exploration
  • 2.. Formation, Growth and Decay of Sea Ice
  • 2.1.. The structure of the ice crystal
  • 2.2.. The density and freezing point of sea water
  • 2.3.. The initial stages of ice formation
  • 2.3.1.. Ice formation in calm water
  • 2.3.2.. Ice formation in rough water: The frazil-pancake cycle
  • 2.4.. Crystal growth and brine rejection
  • 2.4.1.. Crystal fabric
  • 2.4.2.. Brine cells
  • 2.4.3.. Brine cell migration and drainage
  • 2.4.4.. Solid salts in ice
  • 2.4.5.. Lake and river ice
  • 2.5.. Snow loading and meteoric ice formation
  • 2.6.. Summer melt processes
  • 2.7.. Multi-year ice
  • 2.8.. Formation of leads and pressure ridges
  • 2.9.. Ice in shallow water
  • 2.9.1.. Grounded landfast ice
  • 2.9.2.. Ice scour
  • 2.10.. Polynyas and their role
  • 3.. The Thermodynamics of Sea Ice
  • 3.1.. Thermophysical properties of sea ice
  • 3.1.1.. Thermal conductivity
  • 3.1.2.. Specific heat
  • 3.1.3.. Latent heat of fusion
  • 3.1.4.. Radiation extinction coefficient
  • 3.2.. Early models of ice growth and decay
  • 3.3.. The Maykut-Untersteiner model
  • 3.3.1.. Formulation
  • 3.3.2.. Input parameters
  • 3.3.3.. Results
  • 4.. Ice in Motion
  • 4.1.. The momentum balance
  • 4.1.1.. Air stress
  • 4.1.2.. Water stress
  • 4.1.3.. Coriolis force
  • 4.1.4.. Internal ice stress
  • 4.1.5.. Sea surface tilt
  • 4.2.. A free drift solution
  • 4.2.1.. Inertial motion
  • 4.2.2.. Free drift in response to geostrophic wind
  • 4.3.. The motion of compact ice
  • 4.3.1.. Ice rheology
  • 4.3.2.. Sea ice models
  • 4.4.. Dynamics and thermodynamics of coastal polynyas
  • 4.5.. Tidal ice motion
  • 4.5.1.. Tidal amplitudes and currents
  • 4.5.2.. Effect of sea ice on tides
  • 4.5.3.. Effect of tides on sea ice
  • 5.. Pressure Ridges and the Ice Thickness Distribution
  • 5.1.. Statistical properties of a sea ice cover
  • 5.1.1.. Importance of the ice thickness distribution
  • 5.1.2.. Ice thickness distribution--Definitions
  • 5.1.3.. Ice thickness distribution--Typical shapes
  • 5.1.4.. The distribution of morphological features
  • 5.1.5.. Pressure ridge depths
  • 5.1.6.. Pressure ridge spacings
  • 5.1.7.. Pressure ridge slopes and widths
  • 5.1.8.. Lead widths and spacings
  • 5.1.9.. Fractal properties of ice surfaces
  • 5.1.10.. Summary
  • 5.2.. The measurement of ice thickness
  • 5.2.1.. Current techniques
  • 5.2.2.. Possible future techniques
  • 5.3.. Present knowledge of ice thickness distribution
  • 5.3.1.. Mean ice thickness in the Arctic
  • 5.3.2.. Mean ice thickness in the Antarctic
  • 5.3.3.. The differences between Arctic and Antarctic sea ice
  • 5.4.. Applications of the ice thickness distribution
  • 5.4.1.. Sound propagation
  • 5.4.2.. Microwave signatures
  • 5.4.3.. Stimulation of internal waves by ice keels
  • 5.4.4.. The under-ice drag coefficient
  • 5.4.5.. Differential melt rates
  • 5.4.6.. Ice scour rates and pipeline burial depths
  • 6.. The Marginal Ice Zone
  • 6.1.. The structure of the ice margin
  • 6.2.. Marginal ice zones of the world
  • 6.2.1.. Greenland Sea
  • 6.2.2.. Labrador Sea
  • 6.2.3.. Bering Sea
  • 6.2.4.. Antarctic Ocean
  • 6.3.. Wave-ice interaction and the floe size distribution
  • 6.3.1.. A review of observations
  • 6.3.2.. Models of wave attenuation
  • 6.3.3.. Wave decay and floe break-up
  • 6.4.. Ice edge bands
  • 6.5.. Eddies and meanders
  • 6.5.1.. Some eddy observations
  • 6.5.2.. Generating mechanisms
  • 6.6.. Ambient noise at the ice edge
  • 6.7.. The Odden ice tongue and Greenland Sea convection
  • 7.. Icebergs
  • 7.1.. Mode of formation
  • 7.2.. Physical characteristics
  • 7.2.1.. Sizes
  • 7.2.2.. Shapes
  • 7.2.3.. Geographical distribution
  • 7.3.. Glaciological properties
  • 7.4.. Iceberg dynamics and drift
  • 7.4.1.. Iceberg motion
  • 7.4.2.. Patterns of iceberg drift
  • 7.5.. Decay mechanisms
  • 7.5.1.. Erosion and melt
  • 7.5.2.. Breakup by flexure
  • 7.6.. Iceberg scour
  • 7.7.. Climatic role of icebergs
  • 7.8.. Icebergs as a fresh water source
  • 8.. Sea Ice, Climate and the Environment
  • 8.1.. Sea ice and biology
  • 8.2.. Sea ice and environmental threats
  • 8.2.1.. Oil spills and blowouts
  • 8.2.2.. The transport of pollutants by sea ice
  • 8.3.. Sea ice and climate
  • 8.3.1.. Climate change and the polar regions
  • 8.3.2.. Climate change and sea ice extent
  • 8.3.3.. Climate change and fast ice thickness
  • 8.3.4.. Climate change and moving pack ice thickness
  • 8.3.5.. Recent changes in the Arctic Ocean
  • 8.4.. The future course of research on sea ice
  • Further Reading
  • References
  • Index