Utopianism for a dying planet : life after consumerism /

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Bibliographic Details
Author / Creator:Claeys, Gregory, author.
Imprint:Princeton, New Jersey : Princeton University Press, [2022]
Description:xvi, 584 pages ; 25 cm
Utopian socialism.
Utopian socialism.
Format: Print Book
URL for this record:http://pi.lib.uchicago.edu/1001/cat/bib/12934552
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Notes:Includes bibliographical references (pages 517-559) and index.
Summary:"How the utopian tradition offers answers to today's environmental crises. In the face of Earth's environmental breakdown, it is clear that technological innovation alone won't save our planet. A more radical approach is required, one that involves profound changes in individual and collective behavior. Utopianism for a Dying Planet examines the ways the expansive history of utopian thought, from its origins in ancient Sparta and ideas of the Golden Age through to today's thinkers, can offer moral and imaginative guidance in the face of catastrophe. The utopian tradition, which has been critical of conspicuous consumption and luxurious indulgence, might light a path to a society that emphasizes equality, sociability, and sustainability. Gregory Claeys unfolds his argument through a wide-ranging consideration of utopian literature, social theory, and intentional communities. He defends a realist definition of utopia, focusing on ideas of sociability and belonging as central to utopian narratives. He surveys the development of these themes during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries before examining the twentieth- and twenty-first-centuries debates about alternatives to consumerism. Claeys contends that the current global warming limit of 1.5°C (2.7°F) will result in cataclysm if there is no further reduction in the cap. In response, he offers a radical Green New Deal program which combines ideas from the theory of sociability with proposals to withdraw from fossil fuels and cease reliance on unsustainable commodities. An urgent and comprehensive search for antidotes to our planet's destruction, Utopianism for a Dying Planet asks for a revival of utopian ideas, not as an escape from reality, but as a powerful means of changing it"--Dust jacket flap.
Other form:ebook version : 9780691236698
Table of Contents:
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Part I. Towards a Theory of Utopian Sociability
  • 1. Redefining Utopianism for a Post-consumer society
  • The History of Utopianism
  • The Historiography of Utopianism
  • Defining Utopianism: Some Components
  • Utopia as Literary Text
  • Utopia as Religion
  • Utopia as Mental State
  • Utopia as Progress
  • Utopia as Pleasure
  • Two Further Problems
  • Luxury, Consumerism, and Sustainability
  • Enhanced Sociability and Belongingness
  • Degrees of Association
  • Family
  • Friendship
  • Groups
  • The Sociology of Community
  • Utopia, the City, and Belongingness
  • Utopianism Restated
  • 2. The Mythical Background: Remembering Original Equality
  • The Golden Age
  • Sparta
  • The Christian Paradise
  • Utopia and Millenarianism
  • The Origins of Secular Millenarianism: Thomas Müntzer, Revolution, and Republicanism
  • 3. Theories of Realised Utopianism
  • Michel Foucault and Heterotopia
  • Arnold van Gennep, Victor Turner, and Liminality
  • Ernst Bloch and the Concrete Utopia
  • Part II. Utopian Sociability in Fiction and Practice
  • 4. The Varieties of Utopian Practice
  • Festivals as Utopian Spaces
  • Pilgrimage as a Utopian Activity
  • Intentional Communities
  • Christian Intentional Communities
  • Secular intentional Communities
  • Twentieth-Century Communitarianism
  • On the Possibility of Everyday Utopia
  • 5. Luxury, Sociability, and Progress in Literary Projections of Utopia: From Thomas More to the Eighteenth Century
  • Thomas More
  • Utopian Fiction after More
  • The Eighteenth Century
  • Luxury, Simplicity, and Utopian Satire
  • The Transformation Problem
  • 6. The Triumph of Unsocial Sociability? Luxury in the Eighteenth Century
  • Regulating Luxury: Sumptuary Laws
  • Mandeville's Paradox
  • Rousseau and Utopia
  • After Rousseau
  • A Consuming Passion: Novelty and the Desire for Things
  • The Progress of Novelty
  • The Fate of Imitation
  • Part III. Luxury and Sociability in Later Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Utopianism
  • 7. The Later Eighteenth Century and the French Revolution
  • Spartans, Neo-Harringtonians, and Utopian Republicans
  • The Utopian Turn towards the Future
  • The French Revolution
  • 8. Simplicity and Sociability in Nineteenth-Century Utopianism
  • Early Nineteenth-Century Literary Utopianism
  • Utopian Social Theory
  • Karl Marx
  • John Stuart Mill and the Stationary State
  • Anarchism and Luxury
  • Luxury and Simplicity in Later Nineteenth-Century Literary Utopianism, 1880-1917
  • Edward Bellamy and the Shift to Public Luxury
  • William Morris's News from Nowhere (1890): Beauty and Creativity
  • H.G. Wells
  • Summary of the Historical Argument concerning Utopia and Luxury to the 1930s
  • Part IV. Modern Consumerism and its Opponents
  • 9. Twentieth-Century Consumerism and the Utopian Response
  • Explaining Waste: Veblen and Conspicuous Consumption
  • Modern Consumerism Defined
  • Branding
  • The Ideology of Choice
  • Things Take Over
  • Narcissism as the Consumerist Personality Type
  • Consumerism and Identity: Summarising the Pros and Cons
  • Counter-ideals: The Soviet Response to Consumerism
  • Eastern Europe
  • A Note on China
  • Twentieth-Century Literary Utopiamsm: Green Shoots
  • Aldous Huxley
  • Ernest Callenbach
  • 10. Counterculture and Consumerism: The 1960s
  • Prelude
  • The Counterculture: A New Model of Sociability
  • Origins
  • The 1960s
  • Legacies and Relevance
  • 11. Life after Consumerism: Utopianism in the Age of Sufficiency
  • The Spectre of Extinction
  • Compensatory Sociability in the Twenty-First Century: Some Hindrances
  • Neither Sybaris nor Sparta: Envisioning a Post-consumerist Society
  • No More Billionaires: The Rationale for Equality
  • I Am Not Your Servant
  • The Great Change: The Sustainability Paradigm
  • Voluntary Simplicity
  • Political Implications
  • The Green New Deal
  • A Radical Green New Deal
  • 1. Energy
  • 2. Reforestation, Water Management, and Species Protection
  • 3. Food
  • 4. Avoiding Waste and Restraining Demand and Consumption
  • 5. Population Restraint
  • 6. Work
  • 7. Public Service
  • 8. Wealth and Inequality
  • 9. Urban Renewal
  • The Neighbourhood Model
  • Urban Sociability: Towards Neo-Fourierism
  • What You Can Do
  • Pitfalls and Paradoxes
  • Conclusion: The Great Change: Creating Enhanced Simplicity
  • Afterword: Covid-19 and Sociability
  • Bibliography
  • Index