Technological transformation in the global pulp and paper industry 1800-2018 : comparative perspectives /

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Bibliographic Details
Imprint:Cham : Springer, 2018.
Description:1 online resource
Series:World forests ; 23
World forests ; 23.
Format: E-Resource Book
URL for this record:
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Other authors / contributors:Särkkä, Timo, editor.
Gutiérrez-Poch, Miquel, editor.
Kuhlberg, Mark, 1966- editor.
Digital file characteristics:text file PDF
Notes:Includes bibliographical references and index.
Online resource; title from PDF title page (EBSCO, viewed October 29, 2018).
Summary:This contributed volume provides 11 illustrative case studies of technological transformation in the global pulp and paper industry from the inception of mechanical papermaking in early nineteenth century Europe until its recent developments in today's business environment with rapidly changing market dynamics and consumer behaviour. It deals with the relationships between technology transfer, technology leadership, raw material dependence, and product variety on a global scale. The study itemises the main drivers in technology transfer that affected this process, including the availability of technology, knowledge, investments and raw materials on the one hand, and demand characteristics on the other hand, within regional, national and transnational organisational frameworks. The volume is intended as a basic introduction to the history of papermaking technology, and it is aimed at students and teachers as course material and as a handbook for professionals working in either industry, research centres or universities. It caters to graduate audiences in forestry, business, technical sciences, and history.
Other form:Printed edition: 9783319949611
Printed edition: 9783319949635
Printed edition: 9783030069452
Standard no.:10.1007/978-3-319-94962-8
Table of Contents:
  • Intro; Preface; Contents; Contributors; 1 Technological Transformation in the Global Pulp and Paper Industry: Introduction; 1.1 Research Setting; 1.2 The History of Papermaking Technology; 1.3 The Case Studies; References; Research and Development; 2 Manufacturing Cellulosic Fibres for Making Paper: A Historical Perspective; 2.1 The Origins of Turning Cellulosic Materials into Paper; 2.2 The Basics of Industrial Applications of Cellulose; 2.3 Chemical Pulping; 2.3.1 General Aspects; 2.3.2 Early Approaches; 2.3.3 Recovery of Kraft Cooking Chemicals; 2.3.4 Recent Trends in Kraft Pulping.
  • 2.4 Bleaching of Pulps2.5 Development of Industrial Papermaking; 2.5.1 Brief History of Paper Machines; 2.5.2 Current Papermaking; 2.6 Concluding Remarks; References; 3 Research and Development in the Finnish Wood Processing and Paper Industry, c. 1850-1990; 3.1 Two Cumulative Masses of Knowledge; 3.2 The Nature of a Paper Mill; 3.3 The Early Stages of Paper Manufacturing and Wood Chemistry; 3.3.1 Tar Manufacturers and the Scientific Approach to Wood Chemistry; 3.3.2 Formal Technical Education; 3.3.3 The Origins of Research into Making Paper; 3.4 In Independent Finland.
  • 3.4.1 Formal University Education in Paper Technology3.4.2 War Time Crisis and Tar Oil Production; 3.5 A New Beginning After the War; 3.5.1 Two Paths for Research and Development; 3.5.2 Rebuilding the Connections; 3.5.3 Over the Atlantic Ocean; 3.5.4 Engineering for the Industry; 3.5.5 Building the Research Organization; 3.5.6 Time for Innovation; 3.6 Conclusions; References; 4 The Greening of the Pulp and Paper Industry: Sweden in Comparative Perspective; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Environmental Impacts of Pulp and Paper Production: A Short Background.
  • 4.3 Environmental Regulation as a Driver for Technology Development4.4 The "Spring-Cleaning" of the Swedish PPI; 4.4.1 Internal Process Changes and Structural Rationalizations; 4.4.2 Emission Reductions and Costs; 4.4.3 Firm Collaboration; 4.5 Towards ECF and TCF Bleached Pulp; 4.6 Energy Transition; 4.7 Environmentally Driven Transformation-The Past and the Future; References; Regulations and Institutions; 5 Varieties of State Aid and Technological Development: Government Support to the Pulp and Paper Industry, the 1970s to the 1990s; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Data Considerations.
  • 5.3 The Pulp and Paper Industry in the OECD Countries5.4 Government Support for the Pulp and Paper Industry; 5.4.1 Government Measures to Support Upstream Production; 5.4.2 Measures to Support the Production Stage; 5.4.3 Vertical Measures to Support Pulp and Paper Industry; 5.5 Conclusions; References; 6 From Backward to Modern: The Adoption of Technology by the Pulp Industry in Portugal, 1891-2015; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Pulp Industry in Portugal: A Long-Term Perspective; 6.3 A Portrait of Backwardness in the 1930s; 6.4 An Industry Taking-off-Starting Out as a Latecomer.