Polymer nanocomposites : towards multi-functionality /

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Bibliographic Details
Author / Creator:Dasari, Aravind, 1977- author.
Imprint:London : Springer London, 2016.
Description:1 online resource (xii, 305 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Series:Engineering materials and processes
Engineering materials and processes.
Subject:Nanocomposites (Materials)
Polymeric composites.
Continuum mechanics.
Precision instruments manufacture.
Mechanics of solids.
Chemical engineering.
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING -- Engineering (General)
Continuum mechanics.
Nanocomposites (Materials)
Polymeric composites.
Electronic books.
Electronic books.
Format: E-Resource Book
URL for this record:http://pi.lib.uchicago.edu/1001/cat/bib/11264147
Hidden Bibliographic Details
Other authors / contributors:Yu, Zhong-Zhen, author.
Mai, Y. W., 1946- author.
Digital file characteristics:text file PDF
Notes:8.4 Ecological Impact of Conventional Flame Retardants.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Print version record.
Summary:This highlights ongoing research efforts on different aspects of polymer nanocomposites and explores their potentials to exhibit multi-functional properties. In this context, it addresses both fundamental and advanced concepts, while delineating the parameters and mechanisms responsible for these potentials. Aspects considered include embrittlement/toughness; wear/scratch behaviour; thermal stability and flame retardancy; barrier, electrical and thermal conductivity; and optical and magnetic properties. Further, the book was written as a coherent unit rather than a collection of chapters on different topics. As such, the results, analyses and discussions presented herein provide a guide for the development of a new class of multi-functional nanocomposites. Offering an invaluable resource for materials researchers and postgraduate students in the polymer composites field, they will also greatly benefit materials.
Other form:Print version: Dasari, Aravind. Polymer Nanocomposites : Towards Multi-Functionality. London : Springer London, ©2016 9781447168072
Standard no.:10.1007/978-1-4471-6809-6
Table of Contents:
  • Foreword; Preface; Contents; 1 Introduction: Toward Multi-functionality; References; 2 Nanoparticles; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Different Types of Nanoparticles; 2.2.1 Clay Minerals; 2.2.2 Graphite Nanoplatelets; 2.2.3 Carbon Nanotubes; 2.2.4 Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane; 2.2.5 Other Equiaxed Nanoparticles; 2.2.6 Hierarchical Structured Particles; References; 3 Processing; 3.1 Interfacial Volume and Its Effects; 3.2 Modification of Nanoparticles; 3.2.1 Equiaxed Nanoparticles; Surface Coating; Silanization; In Situ Particle Generation/Surface Modification.
  • Coupling Agent3.2.1.5 Grafting Treatment; 3.2.2 Layered Silicates (Bentonite); Opening of the Interlayer Spacing; Length of Alkyl Groups and Number of Tails; Difficulties with Nonpolar Polymers; 3.2.3 Tubular Fillers (Carbon Nanotubes); Adsorption; Chemical Functionalization; 3.3 Processing of Polymer Nanocomposites; 3.3.1 Solvent Methods; 3.3.2 In Situ Polymerization; 3.3.3 Polymer Melt Intercalation; References; 4 Microstructural Characterization; 4.1 Background; 4.2 Direct and Reciprocal Space Techniques; 4.3 Etching; 4.4 Staining.
  • 4.5 Different Ways of Quantifying Dispersion/Distribution and Sizes of Nanoparticles4.5.1 Equiaxed Nanoparticles; 4.5.2 Clay Layers (1D Nanoparticles); 4.5.3 CNTs (2D Nanoparticles); 4.6 Other Advanced Techniques and Summary; References; 5 Interfaces; 5.1 Background; 5.2 Crystallization Behavior; 5.2.1 Crystallization Temperature; 5.2.2 Crystal Size/Shape; 5.2.3 Crystallization Under Nanoscopic Confinement; 5.3 Spatial (Physical) Confinement in the Presence of Nanoparticles-Changes in Tg; 5.4 Types of Hybrid Crystalline Structures; 5.5 Concept of Transcrystallinity (TC) and Its Occurrence.
  • 5.6 TC in Polymer Nanocomposites5.6.1 TC in the Presence of Layered Silicates; 5.6.2 Extension of TC in Polymer Nanocomposites; 5.6.3 Geometric Confinement Effect; References; 6 Mechanical Properties; 6.1 Background; 6.2 Fracture Toughness and Ductility; 6.3 Rigid Particle Toughening; 6.4 Mobility Concept; 6.5 Brittle Behavior of Polymer Nanocomposites; 6.6 Influence of Transcrystallinity on Toughness/Ductility; 6.7 Ternary Nanocomposites; 6.8 Toughening by Inducing Voids; References; 7 Thermal Properties; 7.1 Background; 7.2 Thermal Degradation of Polymers.
  • 7.3 Thermal Degradation of Polymer Nanocomposites7.3.1 Clay-Based Polymer Nanocomposites; Catalytic Effect of Clay Layers; Effect of Low Molecular Weight Surfactants; 7.3.2 Examples Illustrating the Effect of Nanoparticles on Thermal Stability of Polymers; 7.4 Efforts to Improve Thermal Stability; References; 8 Flame Retardancy; 8.1 Background; 8.2 Fundamentals of Combustion of Polymers; 8.3 Conventional Flame Retardants; 8.3.1 Halogen-Based FRs; 8.3.2 Phosphorous-Based FRs; 8.3.3 Metal Hydroxides; 8.3.4 Intumescent Agents and Coatings.